The US Supreme Court is positioned to hear its first lawsuit concerning gun rights in approximately a decade, offering a fundamental opportunity for the newly crystallized conservative majority on the bench to signal how it may decree on Second Amendment issues.
The law originates from a New York City gun regulation, and arrives as the United States continues to reel from a succession of mass shootings that have launched a major effort to implement gun control laws that might prevent weapons from getting into hands of would-be mass killers.
The New York City gun regulation forces restrictions on where licensed handgun owners can take their locked and unloaded handguns. The regulation — which has been revised since the original lawsuit — originally bound gun owners from moving the guns from the address listed on the gun licence, except for travel to authorised shooting clubs and small arms ranges.
A current version of the regulation allows the licensed owners of handguns to move them to other locations, including shooting ranges outside of city limits and second homes. New York State has also amended its handgun licensing statute, to order localities to allow gun owners to engage in that same kind of transport.
It continues to be seen, though, whether the Supreme Court will actually publish a ruling on the case, even though it is the first time since 2010 that it has heard a significant Second Amendment case.
The most modern major opinion on gun rights in the US occurred in 2010, when the court issued a follow-up opinion on the 2008 ruling in DC v Heller, which was written by the late justice Antonin Scalia.
That ruling proved for the first time that individuals in the United States have a license to keep a handgun at home for self-protection.
The court has since then considerably evaded taking up further cases.